Homer and Sophocles clearly show that honor guides people’s actions and responses and decides the fate of themselves and others. The Iliad by Homer is an epic poem focused on the wrath of the character Achilles. Achilles asks his mother to ask Zeus to bring the Greeks to the breaking point by the Trojans, so Agamemnon will realize how much the Greeks need Achilles.
After an invocation to the Muses, the story launches in medias res towards the end of the Trojan War between the Trojans and the besieging Greeks. This wrath guided Achilles to be a great warrior for the Greeks during the Trojan War, but this wrath also extended into his relationships with his fellow Greeks. Both texts demonstrate that honor is essential to Greek heroes because honor is the foundation of the society and family. Angered, Achilles declares that he and his men will no longer fight for Agamemnon but will go home.
These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Iliad. Likewise, the Iliad delineates the heroic code—the thematic basis of all subsequent epic poetry. While theories regarding its author, the near-mythic Homer, continue to spur scholarly debate, the poem itself is renowned for its compelling narrative, vivid imagery, poetic technique, psychological scope, and stylistic clarity. Achilles and its tragic consequences, but it also explores such themes as the workings of fate, honor, and the human urge toward immortality. Because Homer equalizes them the reader can feel empathy, or at least compassion for all of the men. Odysseus takes a ship and returns Chryseis to her father, whereupon Apollo ends the plague. Paris challenges the Achaeans to send their best warrior to fight him one-on-one. Both authors also place emphasis on the importance of proper burial because it is a strong indication of honor to the deceased and the deceased’s family. His refusal to flee even in the face of vastly superior forces makes him the most tragic figure in the poem. However while Weil is correct about how Homer’s descriptions of war and force reveal justice and love, she is wrong in thinking that justice and love are mere “accents” to the Iliad, and progress through the story “withou.
Much that is terrible takes place in the Homeric poems, but it seldom takes place wordlessly. It is a polygonal heroic story incorporating myth, legend, folktale, religion, and historical events of nat. After nine days of plague, Achilles, the leader of the Myrmidon contingent, calls an assembly to deal with the problem. The Iliad is paired with something of a sequel, the Odyssey, also attributed to Homer. Internal evidence from the two major works attributed to Homer suggests that the Iliad preceded the Odyssey and that both were composed in the eighth century b. As can be seen in the Iliad and Antigone, the aim of every Greek hero is to gain everlasting honor because it ensures his place in the social memory of his society resounding even after death. Along with the Odyssey, the Iliad is among the oldest extant works of Western literature, and its written version is usually dated to around the 8th century BC. Biographies of Homer exist in the form of six early “lives” and assorted commentaries by ancient and Byzantine scholars, but the information they contain is considered unreliable and mostly mythical. When contemplating the ultimate nature of the Greek gods and the ensuing roles they play in human affairs, it is helpful to view instances of divine intervention through the actions of the goddess Athena. The Iliad, in that it is more about the Greek hero Achilles than any other particular person, portrays the Achaean in surprisingly shocking light at times throughout the story.
This list of important quotations from The Iliad by Homer will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims. Within its epic scope, set in the tenth year of a legendary war between Greeks and Trojans at Ilios (Troy), the Iliad depicts the heroic ethos of a mythic era personified in the figure of Achilles, a Greek hero of unrivaled martial excellence, who chooses undying fame won on the battlefield over the prospect of a long life. The ancient Greeks had strict criteria for individuals to follow if they were to be seen as heroes.
A seminal epic widely accepted as one of the greatest literary artifacts of Western civilization, the Iliad has been admired for centuries for its artistry as well as for the profound influence it has exerted on European literature.