In addition to this fundamental change, the APA style mandates an overall structure for a paper. The intent is to provide accurate references and citations without hindering the readability of the text and making it easier to type up or type set a manuscript. Beginning with the next line, write a concise summary of the key points of your research.
Do not put page breaks in between the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections. Use this guide as a quick reference for the proper format for your paper and its sources. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area(s) in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it. For in-text citations without page numbers (such as websites), help the reader pinpoint the quote by listing the section name or paragraph number instead.
If your title is long, this running head title should be a shortened version of the title of your entire paper. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew. An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references. The following sample sentence includes a proper citation: A recent study has found that “. Throughout this section, citations to other research should be noted by using the in-text citation methods outlined in the APA style guide. To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add these components onto each page). Ex: Students unsure of what constitutes plagiarism find it safer to include sources thorough citations. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. Use the toolbox to insert a page number, so it will automatically number each page. The title of the paper should capture the main idea of the essay but should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. The institutional affiliation is the location where the author conducted the research. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Warning Most professors in the social sciences require you to write reports in APA-Style and will mark you down for poor formatting if you do not comply. If you make a section break between the title page and the rest of the paper you can make the header different for those two parts of the manuscript).
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This should include the initial hypothesis, an outline of the data and its analysis, and a summary of conclusions. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Reports of experimental results are the most frequent APA paper and they follow a standard format. The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. Different types of information about your study are addressed in each of the sections, as described below. Numbered references to footnotes or end-notes have been eliminated in favor of in-text citations that identify the author and year of publication.
Please note that only on the title page, your page header/running head should include the words “Running Head” before your title in all capitals. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this: . Further investigations and implications of the research should also be indicated.