At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment. A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are. A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic.
Literary critiques are commonly executed by students, scholars, and literary critics, but anyone can learn how to critique literature. It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. Look at your graphic organizer to help you understand what happened in the book. Because eyewitness information is often conveyed from one witness to another through discussion, it is important to ascertain the effects of co-witness information on the validity of eyewitness testimony. The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made. A literature critique, sometimes called a literary analysis or a literary critical analysis, is an examination of a piece of literature. Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas. Whereas the legal system assumes that the testimony given by eyewitnesses should be independent of one another (ref. A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period. After you are done reading a piece of literature, think about what each character did and how each action contributed to the plot.
At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis. The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Ask yourself why the characters do the things they do in all works of literature, whether novels, short stories, essays, or poems. Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jury’s faith in this testimony is warranted. Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them? It might give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates. A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. It is not just a descriptive list of the material available, or a set of summaries.
This handout will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature reviews in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. If you thought something was rubbish, use words such as "inconsistent", . What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define? After you have a good understanding of the events of the book, you can try to understand what the author was suggesting about human nature through the characters and their actions.
Approximately 77, 000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question(s). Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal opinion on whether or not you liked these sources.
At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic. You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: . Instead of looking at a painting to figure out what the artist was communicating, just look at what is literally present in the painting.