To these basic citations, the annotated bibliography adds descriptive and evaluative comments (i. Critical/evaluative – in addition to providing an overview, analyzes the content; comments on the strengths and weaknesses of the arguments, evidence, and conclusions; explains the usefulness of the source for your research topic. Abstracts are the purely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Combination – most annotated bibliography assignments require that you include both an overview and evaluative comments. Summary/descriptive – provides a concise overview of the main arguments, evidence presented, and conclusions.
A bibliography, sometimes referred to as References or Works Cited, is an organized list of sources (e. Abstracts are brief statements that present the main points of the original work. The addition of commentary provides the future reader or researcher essential critical information and a foundation for further research. Each source in the bibliography is represented by a citation that includes the author (if given), title, and publication details of the source.
Depending on your assignment, annotations may include some or all of the following information: . In an annotated bibliography, each source in the list is followed by a brief descriptive and evaluative paragraph of 4-5 sentences (approx. If you are still unclear, check with your professor on the type of annotated bibliography that is required for the assignment. Bibliographies are sometimes called “References” or “Works Cited” depending on the style format you are using. Considering scope: what types of sources (books, articles, primary documents, Web sites, non-print materials) will be included? Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research. Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Similar to the literature review except for the shorter length of its entries, the annotated bibliography is compiled by: .
A bibliography is usually thought of as an alphabetical listing of books at the end of a written work (book, book chapter, or article), to which the author referred during the research and writing process. At the professional level, annotated bibliographies allow you to see what has been done in the literature and where your own research or scholarship can fit. The primary function of bibliographic citations is to assist the reader in finding the sources used in the writing of a work. For more detailed guidelines on writing an annotated bibliography, please refer to the following: . Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation.
Annotations are descriptive and critical; they may describe the author's point of view, authority, or clarity and appropriateness of expression. Consistently follow the rules of the style guide (APA, MLA, Chicago, Other Guides) that is indicated in your course assignment instructions; the style guide will detail what information to include for each type of source and how it should be formatted. An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic. The purpose of the annotation is to help the reader evaluate whether the work cited is relevant to a specific research topic or line of inquiry. In addition to books, bibliographies can include sources such as articles, reports, interviews, or even non-print resources like Web sites, video or audio recordings. To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following. An annotated bibliography is a bibliography with an additional description or evaluation (i. So a very important part of research is developing a thesis that is debatable, interesting, and current. Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others. A descriptive annotation summarizes the scope and content of a work whereas an evaluative annotation provides critical comment.